国際獣疫事務局(OIE)  陸生動物衛生規約(2003.8.26) 第8.5条 口蹄疫 第8.5.9条 清浄ステータスの回復


第8.5.8条 清浄ステータスの回復

1. FMDの発生又はFMDVの感染が、ワクチン非接種FMD清浄国又は地域で起きている場合、
次に掲げる待機期間のいずれか一つが、ワクチン非接種FMD清浄国又は地域のステータスを再取得するために必要とされる。

a) 摘発淘汰政策及び第8.5.40条から第8.5.46条までに基づく血清学的サーベイランスが適用されている場合には、最終症例後3ヶ月間

b) 摘発淘汰政策、緊急ワクチン接種及び第8.5.40条から第8.5.46条までに基づく血清学的サーベイランスが適用されている場合には、ワクチン接種されたすべての動物のと殺後3ヶ月間

c) 摘発淘汰政策、殺処分を伴わない緊急ワクチン接種及び血清学的サーベイランスが第8.5.40条から第8.5.46条までに基づいて適用されているときには、 FMDVの非構造タンパク質に対する抗体を検出する血清学的調査が現存のワクチン接種群に感染がないことを証明している場合には、最終症例又は最終ワクチン接種(いずれか遅い方による)後6ヶ月間



Article 8.5.9.

Recovery of free status

1. When an FMD outbreak or FMDV infection occurs in an FMD free country or zone where vaccination is not practised, one of the following waiting periods is required to regain the status of FMD free country or zone where vaccination is not practised:

a.3 months after the last case where a stamping-out policy and serological surveillance are applied in accordance with Articles 8.5.42. to 8.5.48.; or

b.3 months after the slaughter of all vaccinated animals where a stamping-out policy, emergency vaccination and serological surveillance are applied in accordance with Articles 8.5.42. to 8.5.48.; or

c.6 months after the last case or the last vaccination (according to the event that occurs the latest), where a stamping-out policy, emergency vaccination not followed by the slaughtering of all vaccinated animals, and serological surveillance are applied in accordance with Articles 8.5.42. to 8.5.48., provided that a serological survey based on the detection of antibodies to nonstructural proteins of FMDV demonstrates the absence of infection in the remaining vaccinated population.

Where a stamping-out policy is not practised, the above waiting periods do not apply, and Article 8.5.2. or 8.5.4. applies.


Stamping-out policy

means carrying out under the authority of the Veterinary Authority, on confirmation of a disease, the killing of the animals which are affected and those suspected of being affected in the herd and, where appropriate, those in other herds which have been exposed to infection by direct animal to animal contact, or by indirect contact of a kind likely to cause the transmission of the causal pathogen. All susceptible animals, vaccinated or unvaccinated, on an infected premises should be killed and their carcasses destroyed by burning or burial, or by any other method which will eliminate the spread of infection through the carcasses or products of the animals killed.

This policy should be accompanied by the cleansing and disinfection procedures defined in the Terrestrial Code.

The terms modified stamping-out policy should be used in communications to the OIE whenever the above animal health measures are not implemented in full and details of the modifications should be given.


Outbreak

means the occurrence of one or more cases in an epidemiological unit.
Zone/region

means a clearly defined part of a territory containing an animal subpopulation with a distinct health status with respect to a specific disease for which required surveillance, control and biosecurity measures have been applied for the purpose of international trade.
Infection

means the entry and development or multiplication of an infectious agent in the body of humans or animals.
Case

means an individual animal infected by a pathogenic agent, with or without clinical signs.
Surveillance

means the systematic ongoing collection, collation, and analysis of information related to animal health and the timely dissemination of information to those who need to know so that action can be taken.
Slaughter

means any procedure which causes the death of an animal by bleeding.


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